Ultrasound has helped transform our method of evaluating infertile patients. Ultrasound technologies are the most modern addition to the gynecologist’s measures. Ultrasound can provide an image of the internal reproductive structures of the female pelvis. Ultrasound works by submitting high frequency sound waves similar to SONAR machines in ships used for detecting submarines underwater. The high frequency sound waves are applied to the pelvic organs and then are reflected back to the computer inside the ultrasound device. Sound waves are reflected back at different speeds to the computer, which then reconstructs the waves into black and white images on the monitor. These revolutionary ultrasound machines are real-time machines that have real dynamic images. The ultrasound can construct clear pictures of the uterus, the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and bladder. Gynecologists are able to look for fibroids, ectopic pregnancies, or any ovarian cysts in the pelvis. Gynecologists are able to gain knowledge that helps with even delicate procedures like tubal reversal surgery and tubal ligation reversal.
Ultrasound is also an outstanding device for early diagnosis of pregnancies. However, for some procedures, like tubal reversal, and tubal blockage (hydrosalpinx), the gynecologist may need to perform additional procedures to assess the tubes. For tubal reversal surgery, before the procedure, it is a normal task of the infertility specialist to have an ultrasound image of the pelvic organs.
Who can perform ultrasound scans?
Ultrasound scans are performed by a radiologist, a gynecologist, or an infertility specialist. Instant decisions about your treatment, based on the images obtained, can then be made.