Cysts may grow and enlarge without symptoms and go unobserved until they are found on routine examination. However, some cysts will burst during routine activities such as by sexual intercourse, any injury, or childbirth. Cysts may become bulky enough so that the following symptoms may occur:
- Severe abdominal pain
- Menstrual cycle changes, such as delayed periods, intermittent bleeding between periods, or irregular periods. This may even occur with corpus luteum cysts and polycystic ovaries.
- Heavy menstrual flow
- Infertility; a symptom occurring in polycystic ovaries and endometrial cysts.
- Internal bleeding may occur with endometrial cysts or hemorrhagic cysts.
- Severe menstrual cramps
- Pain with sexual intercourse
- Pain during a bowel movement
- Weight gain
Note: If a cyst becomes enlarged, the woman may experience intermittent pain. Unexpected or abrupt sharp pain may indicate that a cyst has ruptured. The twisting distortion or break of a cyst may add to the likelihood of a torsed ovary or an infection.
Some unexpected onsets need instant medical attention, such as:
- abdominal pain,
- vomiting and symptoms of shock such as cold,
- clammy skin
- rapid breathing
Enlarged ovaries, ovarian cysts, or polycystic ovaries are relative concerns to watch after a tubal reversal or any surgical procedure. If the above symptoms exist in a patient who has undergone a tubal reversal, it may be more concerning to the patient, but should be treated as appropriately as medically indicated. Cysts that occur after a tubal reversal should have no effect whatsoever on the likelihood of achieving a pregnancy after a tubal reversal.